This memorial for Dag Hammarskjöld and his 1961 Decolonisation Program for West Papua explores a complex global story of two unique UN peace-keeping undertakings in 1961 organised by the UN Secretary-General in the midst of the Cold War. The first inserted a UN peace-keeping military force into the Congo to de-escalate conflict over the new state’s mineral resources. The second was designed to prevent Indonesia invading the Non-Self-Governing Territory of Dutch New Guinea (West Papua). What was the outcome of these peace-keeping endeavours? First, the Secretary-General lost his life. Second, the new state of Congo nose-dived from democracy to authoritarianism. Third, the Non-Self-Governing Territory of Dutch New Guinea (West Papua) was passed to Indonesia, an Asian state on the verge of political and economic collapse.These three stories are told together during the seminar 'West Papua's return to the UN: fulfilling the legacy of UN Sec-General Hammarskjöld'.
An international online summit on Sunday 13 September 2020 commemorates the work of Dag Hammarskjöld, UN Secretary-General, 1953-1961—a global champion for the fair treatment of colonised and emerging states. Academics and political leaders based in Europe, the United States, West Papua, the Pacific and Africa will honour Mr Hammarskjöld’s inspiring leadership and work on decolonisation, in particular his work for the emerging state of West Papua, and his principle of ‘a peoples right of sovereignty over their land’.
On 13 September 2020, West the Papua Womens Office in Docklands and the Democratic Republic of Congo Community (Victoria) are planting a tree in honour of Dag Hammarskjöld, the UN Secretary-General found dead on 18 September 1961 after a plane-crash near the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) where he was mediating post-independence conflict. His death, which is still being investigated, precluded him from presenting his Decolonisation Program for the Non-Self-Governing Territory of Netherlands-Nieuw Guinea (West Papua) to the 1961 UN General Assembly. The program would have deterred Indonesia from invading the territory in 1962, and thus rendered unnecessary the so-called peace treaty that facilitated Indonesia's incorporation of the territory.
FRWP Womens Office sells a broad range of unique merchandise (books, art, documents, brochures, CDs and DVDs, jewellery, Morning Star flags) to increase awareness of West Papuan history, culture, environment, geography, music, politics, and identity. All profit goes to the considerable cost of ensuring appropriate representation of West Papua at international meetings in order that this long-standing struggle for sovereignty is brought to a satisfactory conclusion as soon as possible. This is a selection of the latest books, CDs, and artworks (Visit the office for the full range of our unique products. Most are not available elsewhere.).
Since the 2015 publication of Greg Poulgrain's The Incubus of Intervention: conflicting Indonesia strategies of John F. Kennedy and Allen Dulles we have known that Secretary-General Hammarskjöld was about to introduce a Decolonisation Program in Netherlands New Guinea whereby the West Papuan people would be recognised as the sovereign owners of their land, and UN officers would assist an independent West Papuan government for five years. Hammarskjöld intended to present the program to the 1961 General Assembly. His death just days before the opening of the Assembly meant the motion was debated without his authoritative and influential presence, and didn't garner the necessary two-thirds majority support. The UN’s failure to adopt a policy of self-determination for West Papua opened the way for an American diplomat—appointed by Acting Sec-General U Thant—to mediate an agreement that facilitated Indonesia’s incorporation of West Papua. And we all know the story after that.
ULMWP Spokesperson Jacob Rumbiak reports on Jakarta's refusal to listen to its governor's COVID warning to halt flights from Jakarta to West Papua, and Defense Minister Prabowo Subianto exacts his appointment-promise to exterminate and extinguish the Papuan independence movement.
As Defense Minister (and former general) Prabowo Subianto escalates Indonesia’s war against West Papuans, the Jokowi government is under pressure to respond to the recommendation of its provincial government to negotiate peace and self-determination with the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
This document by Jacob Rumbiak is a fully referenced exposé of the twenty-year-period in West Papua between 1942 and 1962, covering the Pacific War (1942–44) and the nation’s twelve years as a UN Non-Self-Governing Territory (1950–62). It also includes a forensic analysis of the legal manoeuvring by Indonesia, the United States and United Nations to turn the Non-Self-Governing Territory into an Indonesian colony, and the West Papuans program since 2014 to overturn the UN's decision and get themselves registered on the UN Decolonisation List. The last section is a Q&A rebuttal of the claims Indonesia used to takeover the 459,412 kms2 of richly resourced Melanesian land. Jacob, as Spokesperson for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), first presented 'West Papua 1942 to 2019: the legals, the politics, and the only way forward' on 28 November 2019 at the Pacific Institute, Australian National University.
This paper sets out the facts and the principles of International Law relating to the process of decolonisation of the former territory of Netherlands New Guinea during the period between May 1960 and 1969 culminating in a resolution (passed by a vote of 84 to nil with 30 States abstaining) formally "noting" but not formally rejecting the result of the "Act of Free Choice" that was stage managed and shrouded in a web of intrigue, bribery, duress by threat, and coercion by propaganda and fraudulent promises in which a mere 1025 carefully selected, indoctrinated and controlled members of its indigenous population of almost 800,000, under the close scrutiny of armed Indonesian security personnel, agreed unanimously to commit their peoples to integration of their homeland with the State of Indonesia.
It asserts that by supporting that Resolution, 84 UN Member States with full knowledge of the relevant facts, and without consulting their own peoples, breached their obli
Indonesian military-police, and intelligence in civilian clothes, violated the universal tenets of freedom of expression and assembly during a suite of operations against indigenous Melanesian West Papuans honouring their historic national day on 1 December.
On 9 September 2019 the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) travelled to Canberra with a petition of 17,000 signatures asking the government to vote for motions supporting West Papua's self-determination in the UN General Assembly. Jacob Rumbiak and Ronny Kareni, with members of Australia West Papua Association (Melb) and FRWP Womens' Office (Docklands) started the pilgrimage at the Netherlands Australia War Memorial to honour the nation's Dutch colonial heritage, crossed Lake Burley Griffin to the Aboriginal Tent Embassy to acknowledge Indigenous Sovereignty, and concluded at Parliament House with a Media Conference during which Andrew Wilkie MP and Greens Senators Richard di Natale and Janet Rice were handed the box of signatures. Later in the day Senator di Natale tabled the petition in the Senate. Three days later Nadine Rutter, who organised the petition, presented it to Herman Wainggai (ULMWP'S UN Representative) at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
'The Case for Freedom of Religion in West Papua's struggle for Self-determination' by Jacob Rumbiak for the Religious Freedom Institute Conference in Bangkok, 4-6 November 2019. Eleven informative powerpoints, including a bibliography, with a PDF for downloading and printing.